"Alexander Liberman, Russian-born artist and editor (born Sept. 4, 1912, Kiev, Ukraine Russian Empire—died Nov. 19, 1999, Miami Beach, Fla.), was the legendary editorial director (1962–94) of Condé Nast publications and credited with inventing the look of the modern fashion magazine. The son of a wealthy timber merchant, Liberman attended boarding school in London and studied painting and architecture in Paris at the École des Beaux-Arts. He took his first job as art director at Vu in 1931, becoming managing editor before departing in 1936. After a failed brief first marriage, Liberman moved to New York in 1941 with Tatiana du Plessix, another Russian émigré, whom he married a year later. On the strength of a magazine-design prize he won at the Universal Exposition in Paris in 1937, Liberman was hired at Condé Nast in the art department of Vogue. Elevated to art director of all Condé Nast publications in 1960 and editorial director in 1962, Liberman established himself as the magazine world’s supreme arbiter of taste and style..."